|After my paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Lee Henderson Wood, |
would follow my father (living) and me.
22 February 1836, Guilford County, North Carolina – James Anderson Woollen, my paternal third great-grandfather, was born in to Rebecca Heath Woollen (1798-?), and John Woollen (circa 1790-?)
25 September 1850, Guilford County, North Carolina – The 1850
U.S. Census recorded James as age 14 and living in the Northern Division of the
21 April 1860, North Carolina – James secured a marriage
bond for his upcoming marriage to Susan Caroline Malcolm (1845-1920).
22 October 1860, Guilford County, North Carolina – James married
Susan Caroline Malcolm (1845-1920), daughter of James Landreth Malcolm and
Catherine “Kate” Haddox (a.k.a., Haddix).
January 1862, Guilford County, North Carolina – James and
Susan’s first child and my second great-grandmother, Lillian Elizabeth “Muttie”
Woollen (1862-1920), was born.
26 February 1862, Greensboro, Guilford, North Carolina – Captain
James T. Morehead enrolled James into active service as a Private in Company C
(Guilford Light Infantry), 45th
Regiment, North Carolina Infantry,
of the Confederate Army. James enlisted voluntarily for a term of “three years
27 March 1862 – Private James Woollen entered active service
at the age of 25.
09 April 1862, Raleigh, Wake, North Carolina – Private James
Woollen mustered in at Camp
This muster roll describes
him as follows:
- Born in Guilford County, North Carolina
- Age 25
- Occupation: Farmer
- Height 5” 9’
30 June 1862 – Private Woollen was present for Company C, 45th
Infantry, North Carolina muster roll, and Major Edmondson paid him Confederate
bounty of $50 for his service since enlisting on 26 February 1862.
01 September 1862 – The July and August 1862 Company C
Muster Roll indicated that Private Woollen did not muster in due to sickness
and hospitalization in Petersburg, Virginia.
Captain Johnston paid him for his service through this date.
About 29 November 1862 – Private Woollen mustered in for his
Company’s September and October 1862 Muster Roll.
31 December 1862 - Private Woollen mustered in for his
Company’s 30 November 1862 to 31 December 1862 Muster Roll and was paid by
30 April 1863 - Private Woollen mustered in for his
Company’s March and April 1863 Muster Roll.
12 June 1863, Richmond, Virginia – Private James Woolen
[sic] was admitted to Chimborazo
No. 3 with “camp fever” (a.k.a., either typhus fever or typhoid,
both of which were prevalent during the American Civil War).
17 June 1863, Virginia – Private Woolen [sic] was
transferred from Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond to the C. S. A. General
Hospital in Danville, Virginia. Captain
Scales commanded Company C on this date.
Private Woolen’s [sic] complaint upon being admitted was debilitas
, which was the term used to
describe soldiers who were losing weight and too exhausted to fulfill their
was often caused by being physically overworked while
also suffering from chronic diarrhea. On this same date, Pirvate Woollen
“Appear[ed] on a Receipt Roll 3d. Div Gen Hosp. for clothing No. 1 Danville
30 June 1863 - Private Woollen did not muster in for his
Company’s May and June 1863 Muster Roll due to hospitalization in Danville,
Virginia, where he was still paid on this same date.
28 July 1863 – Private Woolen [sic] returned to duty.
31 August 1863 - Private Woollen mustered in for his
Company’s July and August 1863 Muster Roll and received payment from Captain
01 September 1863 – Private James Woollen was promoted to 2nd
Corporal, a rank immediately junior to the 1st
appeared on Company C’s Roll of Honor
31 October 1863 – 2nd
Woollen mustered in for Company C’s September and October 1863 Muster Roll and
again received payment from Captain Reynolds on this date.
31 December 1863 – 2nd
. Jas. Woollen
was mustered in for his Company’s November and December 1863 Muster Roll and
received payment from Captain Reynolds on this date.
The Muster Roll’s Remarks section states: “
Name appears in col of names present as James Woollen.”
About 28 February 1864 – 2nd
Woollen mustered in for Company C’s Muster Roll.
The Muster Roll’s Remarks section noted: “
Name appears in col of names present as James Woollen.”
21 April 1864 – James A. Wollen [sic] (with “Woollen”
written above “Wollen”), Co. C, 45 NC Inf. was issued clothing based on his
appearance “…on a Receipt Roll for clothing, for Apr
02 May 1864 – J. A. Woollen, Co. C, 45 NC Inf., “Appear[ed]
on a Receipt Roll for clothing, for 2 Apr, 1864.
(Note: The date of issue originally recorded
was 21 June 1864, and that date was crossed out and replaced with 02 May 1864.)
12 June 1864 – Clothing was issued to J. A. Woollen, Co. C,
45 NC Inf. who “Appear[ed] on a Receipt Roll for clothing, for 02 Apr, 1864.”
01 September 1864 – James Woollen mustered in for Company
C’s Muster Roll dated 30 April 1864 to 31 August 1864, and – for the first time
– his rank is shown as 1st
Corporal. As 1st Corporal, he was the
senior Corporal in Company C and always would have stood in the first rank in
or near to the middle of the Company. Note that the muster roll showed his last
time being paid as 31 December 1863, eight
The Remarks section
of this Muster Roll indicates:
appears in col of names present as J. A. Woollen.”
About 01 November 1864 – Company C’s Muster Roll lists 1st
. J. A. Woollen as mustered in for the period of September and
October 1864 and indicates that Captain Reynolds last paid him on 01 September
04 November 1864, Guilford County, North Carolina – James
and Susan’s second child, Margaret “Maggie” Irene Woollen was born.
15 November 1864, Venus Point, Georgia – 1st
Woollen was exchanged.
About 31 December 1864 – 1st
A. Woollen mustered in for his Company’s Muster Roll and had last received compensation
on 01 September 1864.
16 May 1865, Greensboro, North Carolina – Sergeant Jas. A.
Woollen, Company C, 45th
North Carolina Infantry, signed a “Parole
of Prisoners of War belonging to the Army of Northern Virginia, and surrendered
by General Robt. E. Lee, C. S. A., commanding said army, to Lieutenant-General
U. S. Grant, commanding armies U. S.”
This is the first documentation of his promotion to Sergeant.
Between 1870 and 1899 – After returning to home to post-war Winston-Salem*,
James worked as primarily as a carpenter and briefly as a janitor.
*In the 1880s, the US Post Office began referring to the North Carolina towns of Winston and Salem as “Winston-Salem.” In 1899, the Winston-Salem post office in was established in the former town of Winston, with the former town of Salem’s post office becoming as a branch. After a referendum, the towns were officially incorporated as "Winston-Salem" in 1913.
02 August 1871 – James and Susan welcomed their first son,
John William Woollen.
18 November 1878 – Another son, Charles “Charlie” Thomas
Woollen, was born to James and Susan.
21 December 1879 – Susan and James celebrated the birth of another
daughter, Pearl Beatrice Forest Woollen.
20 January 1883 – James and Susan’s son, Glenn Lacy Woollen,
06 February 1884 – Another daughter, Ruby Valerie (“Tee” or
“T”) Woollen, was born to James and Susan.
09 June 1901, Winston, North Carolina – James A. Woollen
suffered a stroke while at Brown’s Warehouse.
The stroke paralyzed the right side of his body.
1902, Winston, North Carolina – By 1902, James had fully
11 September 1903, Winston, North Carolina – James and
Susan’s 9-year-old granddaughter, Lillian Virginia Lee, passed away at their
Lillian was the daughter of
Lillian Elizabeth “Muttie” Woollen Lee, and she died from rheumatism and
09 June 1905, Winston-Salem, North Carolina – At the age of
69, James Anderson Woollen passed away from paralysis.
11 June 1905, Winston-Salem, North Carolina – James was
buried in the non-Moravian section of Salem
located at the intersection of Cemetery
Street and Old Salem Avenue. His headstone features a Confederate flag and is
inscribed as follows:
Blessed is the man whom thou choosest, and causest to approach unto
thee. Ps. 65:4
©Amy Wood Kelly, 2015 - I am happy to share my genealogical research and writing with others, as well as to help others with their research efforts. However, please do not reprint this post in full or in part or use excerpts from this post without giving full credit to me, Amy Wood Kelly, as the researcher and author as well as providing the permalink to this post. Thank you, in advance, for showing respect for my request and the work I put into creating this post.